This is a summary of the study that was carried out in the scope of the project “Citizenship Advocates Network,” implemented by the United Group with the support of the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI). The study comes in about 200 pages and this summary presents its conclusions and the recommendations.
The United Group organized a conference to discuss the study on May 31, 2011 at Pyramiza Hotel, Dokki. The conference was attended by 133 participants including: legal experts, media, education experts, university professors and public figures. The participants represented the 15 targeted governorates in which the project operated.
This study aims to shed flash lights at what it believes to be the causes that create problems against the idea of equal citizenship in Egypt. The study falls into five chapters, in addition to the introduction. The first chapter includes the definition of citizenship and its base in international law, and the position of the successive Egyptian constitutions from citizenship, the last one is the 1971 Constitution which highly cherished citizenship to the extent of considering it the base upon which the state is built, as well as many articles that stipulates equality in rights and duties and others.
The second chapter discusses the position of the Egyptian judiciary, depending on a quick study of some samples of the judgments of the Egyptian State Council, to find out how the fort of freedoms, as we like to call it, addresses the issue of citizenship and to what extent the State Council was inspired by the text and spirit of the Egyptian Constitution.
The third chapter discusses the attitude of some Egyptian newspapers towards the issue of citizenship, as samples of how some of the written media tackles the issue of citizenship and deal with it.
The fourth chapter presents samples of how the curricula address the issue of citizenship and equal rights and duties, given that these curricula have the most important influence in shaping the mentality of the Egyptians and determining their choices. The fifth and last chapter is devoted to conclusions and recommendations provided by the study.